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Which Version of the Ten Commandments is Correct?

question

Rustin asked:

Until recently I’ve never heard of the 10 commandments as described in Exodus 34. Where Moses breaks the first set then comes down with these new ones. These new ones in Ex 34 are actually referred to as the “10 commandments” but they are completely different than what we traditionally think. I’m curious if you’ve ever brought this up with Christians and what their reactions/responses were.

Also I’m curious of what Christians say when asked how do you decide what Old Testament commandments to follow and which ones were only designated for those in the past?

These are great questions! I hope I can adequately answer them.

Most Christians believe the Ten Commandments are for today. A minority of Christians who call themselves New Covenant Christians, do not believe the Ten Commandments are binding today. In their mind, when Jesus died on the cross and resurrected from the dead, he instituted a New Covenant. The Old Covenant, the Old Testament, is no longer binding. However, most Christians think the Ten Commandments are binding, even if they make little effort to keep them.  Right-wing Christians demand government recognize the Ten Commandments as God’s law for everyone. They often demand that the Ten Commandments be taught in public school classrooms and be tacked on classroom walls.

Jesus said in Matthew 5:17, 18:

Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

These verses seems to directly contradict New Covenant theology. According to Jesus, the law will not pass away until heaven and earth pass and all be fulfilled. Has heaven and earth passed ? Has all been fulfilled? The answer to both of these questions is NO. As a pastor, I took the approach that all of the law of God was in force and binding. The key was “rightly” interpreting God’s law.

Christians endlessly argue amongst themselves over the word law. Does law mean all 635 Old Testament commands? Does it mean the commands of both Testaments or just the New Testament? Calvinists love to divide the laws found in the Bible into three categories: moral, civil, and ceremonial. In their mind, the ceremonial law was fulfilled in the death of Jesus, the civil law only applied to Israel, and the moral law is the Ten Commandments. (and it is the law that is written on every person’s heart) Only the Ten Commandments are binding and in force today. Good luck trying to play the Law Game. Every Christian has their own set of rules.

For the sake of this post, the word law means the Ten Commandments. Before we look at the three versions of the Ten Commandments, I should point out that no Christian keeps all of the Commandments. In fact, most Christians deliberately disobey the command to remember the sabbath and keep it holy. They have all kinds of explanations for not keeping the Sabbath, but I won’t bore you with them today. Perhaps I will deal with the Sabbath issue in another post. I just want to point out that most Christians believe in the Nine Commandments not the Ten.

There are three Ten Commandments lists in the Bible. They are found in Exodus 20 , Exodus 34, and Deuteronomy 5. You don’t need to be a Bible scholar to see that the versions are quite different. Why do they differ? Surely, if the Ten Commandments are straight from the mouth of God to tablets of stone, shouldn’t each Ten Commandments passage be identical?

Exodus 20

 I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

Deuteronomy 5

I am the Lord thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.Thou shalt have none other gods before me. Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth:Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day. Honour thy father and thy mother, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. Thou shalt not kill. Neither shalt thou commit adultery. Neither shalt thou steal. Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour. Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour’s wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour’s house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

Exodus 34

And the Lord descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord.And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation. And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped. And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance. And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of the Lord: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee. Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite. Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: For thou shalt worship no other god: for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God: Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice; And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods. Thou shalt make thee no molten gods. The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt. All that openeth the matrix is mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male. But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty. Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest. And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year’s end. Thrice in the year shall all your menchildren appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel. For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the Lord thy God thrice in the year. Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning. The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother’s milk.And the Lord said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel. And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments. And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses’ hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.

As you can easily see, there are small differences between Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5 and huge differences between Exodus 34 and the other two. Let the ‘splaining begin.

Here how I handled this problem as a pastor. I did the same thing I did with the gospels, I harmonized the three accounts. I made them “fit” well enough to make everyone, myself included, think that God was just expanding our “understanding” of the Ten Commandments in Exodus 34. I didn’t dwell on the differences. When I preached on the Ten Commandments I always used the Exodus 20 text.

Ruskin asked:

Also I’m curious of what Christians say when asked how do you decide what Old Testament commandments to follow and which ones were only designated for those in the past?

ten recommendations

I think I have answered this above, but let me add one final thought. Christian pastors, sects, and college professors use all sorts of methods to determine whether a certain Biblical law is valid today. There are some who say that the Old Testament is no longer binding and Christians should only follow the commands of the New Testament. Others say that ALL of the law of God from Genesis through Revelation is for today. The key is to rightly interpret it. (Greek for make it fit my 21st century American lifestyle) Some pastors and sects consider themselves New Testament Christians, yet they are quite willing to appeal to the Old Testament when trying to justify tithing or certain social prohibitions like women not wearing pants. There are even others who think that only the commands found in Paul’s writings are valid today. (hyper-dispensationalists)

Like with everything else in the Bible, the individual Christian picks and chooses which laws to obey. Internecine wars are fought over whose “laws” are correct. Countless books are written giving the correct interpretation of God’s law. From Jesus to Paul to Augustine to Calvin to Rushdoony, everyone has their own opinion.  Lost in all these battles is the fact that God made no effort to make sure that his very important laws were accurately given to humankind. Yet, despite all this confusion and contradiction, there are Christians who think the Christian God’s law, the Ten Commandments, should be the law by which secular states govern themselves.

Notes

Another question….if the Ten Commandments are God’s perfect moral law, what law were humans required to obey before the Ten Commandments were given?

Published: July 23, 2014 | Comments: 1

Where is the God of Elijah?

elijah

Elisha, the prophet who succeeded Elijah asked, in 2 Kings 2:14, where if the God of Elijah? Christians of today should be asking the same question.

Elijah’s God is one that sent fire from heaven and killed the prophets of Baal. Throughout the Old Testament, we see Elijah’s God dealing harshly with those who opposed or disobeyed him. Elijah’s God drowned everyone in the world, except Noah and his family, because the world was increasingly wicked. The God of Elijah, rained fire and brimstone on Sodom and Gomorrah, used his followers to slaughter countless enemies, and even killed a man for trying to keep the Ark of the Covenant from tipping over. Elijah’s God, at least in the Old Testament, was a vengeful, angry God that was the meanest son-of-a-bitch in town. He was not a God to be trifled with. As the writer of Hebrews said, it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

However, once we get to the New Testament, outside of killing Ananias and Sapphira because they lied about the price they received for a property, Elijah’s God seems to have successfully completed anger management class and is being treated for a split personality disorder. Granted, according to the book of Revelation, God will, someday, go off his meds and revert to the vengeful, angry, petulant God of the Old Testament. But, for now, we have to wonder…exactly where IS Elijah’s God?

Evangelical preachers and TV talking heads frequently say that we are living in the Last Days. Some think it is just as bad now as it was in the days of Noah or when God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah. Since the advent of the internet, atheists, agnostics, humanists, and virtually every non-Christian religion you can think of, has taken to the blogosphere to preach heresy and ridicule and mock the Evangelical Christian God. Abortionists, homosexuals, Hollywood actors, and Democrats, promote godlessness and give nary a thought about Elijah’s bad ass God. Where is Elijah’s God? You know that God who routinely killed false prophets and those who dare to disobey him?

It seems to me that there are two explanations for Elijah’s God being AWOL. Either he is on vacation and when he comes back he will take care of those who blaspheme his name or he doesn’t exist.  I am inclined to think that Elijah’s God doesn’t exist. Supposedly, God is the same yesterday, today, and forever.  Surely, God should act consistently, yes? Why then, does he not strike down evil, wicked, Christ-denying false prophets like me? Why has he allowed Bart Ehrman to have such a devastating effect on the Christian church?  These days, vocal atheists live full lives and the Evangelical God does not touch them? Again, is God on vacation? Or perhaps this God does not exist.

According to Evangelicals, God is knows the number of hairs on their head, helps them find their car keys, and blesses them with jobs, cars, vacations, and palace-like church buildings. He is a micromanaging God, interested in every detail of their lives, yet when it comes to modern false prophets he does nothing. Doesn’t this seem strange to you? More than one Christian zealot has prayed an imprecatory prayer over my head, yet here I am. Why? Wouldn’t it be awesome if the Evangelical God struck me dead or caused my hands to wither up so I couldn’t type? Imagine the stories preachers could tell about the atheist God killed. Imagine books that could be written about my life, cautionary tales about a man who thought he was bigger than God. Yet, despite all the prayers, sermons, blog posts, and indignant calling fire down from heaven blog comments, I remain alive.

Perhaps it is time for Evangelicals to ask, where IS the God of Elijah? Let me know when you find him. For now, I fear his crazy, right-wing followers a lot more than I do him. You know, the ones who say they would love for someone to slit my throat.  If the Evangelical God wants to straighten me out, chastise me, or kill me, he knows where I live.

Published: July 23, 2014 | Comments: 0

Those Who Fall Away Just Didn’t Love Jesus Enough

facebook jesus

Susan, who blogs at Susan’s Flutterbys, continues to be infatuated with yours truly. In today’s missive, she quotes Joshua Whipps, agrees with him, and says since I used my real name in a comment she is officially “outing” me. Which is kind of funny since I have never been “in”. I have always used my real name on the internet. I am readily accessible, with nothing to hide.

Susan tells a bold-faced lie when she states:

…Mr. Gerencser ruins attempts at meaningful dialogue with Christians and only gives kudos to those who agree with him.

Meaningful dialog is ALWAYS welcome. Susan made no attempt to have meaningful dialog with me, accusing me of being an hater, and when asked to give here reasons for this claim, refused to do so. Even on her own blog, after my good friend John Arthur commented on a previous post  about me, Susan closed down the comments. As far as Joshua Whipps is concerned, I asked him to comment on the blog posts he disagreed with, yet he made it clear that he was not going to lower himself and waste his valuable words on the people who read The Way Forward. Whipps could have engaged in meaningful dialog with me but he chose not to. Whipps wrote a total of three posts about me but allowed no comments. Whipps considers his posts about me “teaching” posts. Yet, according to Susan and Whipps, I am the one that “ruins attempts at meaningful dialogue with Christians and only gives kudos to those who agree with him.”

Now, on to the focus of this post. Susan recently listened to a sermon by Phil Johnson,the executive director of Grace to You and a longtime member of John MacArthur’s church. This is what she learned:

One thing he says towards the beginning is the thing that I was (thankfully I can say “was”) having trouble with. He says that institutions and persons have failed and will continue to fail into the future, but the gospel of Jesus will be triumphant. I admit that I was overly concerned by individual persons failing and falling away. Pastor Johnson says that this is actually a blessing in disguise in that the Lord is weeding out through this process the pretenders and keeping the faithful remnant. Pastor Johnson sees the season of unpopularity of the Church having a purifying effect on the Church because the ones who go for any other reason besides their love of Jesus, will drop out. They can deny and deny and speak of their previous love for Jesus, but in the end TRUE LOVE DOESN’T FAIL, so their denials are about as valid as an alcoholic saying he’s not a drunk.

Here’s the gist of Susan’s Johnson Bruce inspired post:

  • The Lord is weeding pretenders like Bruce Gerencser out of the church
  • Bruce Gerencser had some other motivation than love for Jesus and this is why he fell away
  • Bruce Gerencser didn’t really love Jesus or didn’t love Jesus enough

I always find it amazing that people from afar, people who never sat under my ministry, never heard me preach, never observed my life, can make such severe judgments about my life. I suppose I am to blame for this. I am quite open and honest as I tell my story and this gives my critics a lot of information by which to judge my life. Yet, not one church member, fellow pastor, or personal friend ever thought that I didn’t love Jesus. This charge is silly, unfounded, and a lazy attempt to explain away my life.

Here’s two questions I have for Susan and the “I really didn’t really love Jesus or didn’t love Jesus enough” crowd:

  • How much love for Jesus is enough?
  • What is the standard for determining if a Christian really loves Jesus or loves him enough?

Susan’s post is a reminder that Calvinists, for all their talk about salvation by grace, actually believe in salvation by works. The measure of love for Jesus is what? Good works. Since I didn’t persevere and continue to produce good works that showed I really, really, really loved Jesus, I never “really” loved Jesus and was never a true Christian.  Unless the Calvinist continues producing good works and continues to do so until their last breath, they can not be certain that they are a Christian.

I know I can not convince the Susan’s and Joshua Whipps of the world of anything. Their minds are made up. They have weighed me in the balance and found me wanting..

Let me close this post with one of my favorite songs when I was a pastor. When I led and sang this song I did so with every fiber of my being. It is ludicrous to say that I was a deceiver or that I never loved Jesus. Like two people who were once married, their marriage likely ended with a loss of love, but who can doubt they, at one time, loved one another. So it was with my relationship with Jesus. Here’s the song, Gone From My Heart the World and All its Charms:

Gone from my heart the world and all its charms;
Now through the blood I’m saved from all alarms;
Down at the cross my heart is bending low;
The precious blood of Jesus cleanses white as snow.

I love Him, I love Him,
Because He first loved me,
And purchased my salvation on Calv’ry’s tree.

Once I was lost, and fallen deep in sin;
Once was a slave to passions fierce within;
Once was afraid to meet an angry God,
But now I’m cleansed from every stain thro’ Jesus’ blood.

Once I was bound, but now I am set free;
Once I was blind, but now the light I see;
Once I was dead, but now in Christ I live,
To tell the world around the peace that He doth give.

Responses to Joshua Whipps

Another Deconstruction of My Story

Joshua Whipps: I’ve Read Your Blog

Fundamentalist Christian Gnats

Response to Susan

The Anti-Christ’s Brother is Revealed: His Name is Anti-Pastor

Evangelicals Use the Wrong Equation to Determine Their Beliefs

Published: July 23, 2014 | Comments: 22

Louisville Bats vs. Toledo Mud Hens July 18, 2014

Polly and I drove to Toledo to watch the AAA affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds, the Louisville Bats, play the Toledo Mud Hens.  Here are some of the pictures I took. Most of them are in black and white.

Bruce and Polly Gerencser

Bruce and Polly Gerencser. Thanks to the unnamed man that volunteered to take a picture of us. Polly’s shirt says Whiny Birds, a diss of the St Louis Cardinals. You’d have to be a diehard Reds or Cardinals fan to appreciate the intense rivalry between these two teams.

Polly Gerencser

My girlfriend. We really should get married some day.

Jack Hannahan

Jack Hannahan, utility player for the Cincinnati Reds. He is rehabbing from a recent shoulder surgery. I was delighted to see Jack take time to sign autographs and talk with the young people congregated near the Louisville dugout.

mascot

Mascot for the Toledo Walleye hockey team

Duane Below

#32 Duane Below, Toledo Mud Hens

Rey Navarro

#1 Rey Navarro, Louisville Bats

David Holmberg

#19 David Holmberg, Louisville Bats

Louisville Toledo Baseball Game July 18 2014

Unknown player for Toledo, #7 Tucker Barnhart catching for Louisville Bats

Felix Perez

# 14 Felix Perez, Louisville Bats

Thomas Neal

#3 Thomas Neal, Louisville Bats

Published: July 23, 2014 | Comments: 2

Out on The Town with the Boys, July 20th 2014

Last Sunday, I attended, with my sons and grandson, the minor league baseball game between the Louisville Bats and the Toledo Mud Hens. As always, I had my camera with me:

toledo louisville baseball game july 20 2014
Levi, Jaime, son #3, and Jason, son #1.

toledo louisville baseball game july 20 2014

Jason and Nathan, son #2.

toledo louisville baseball game july 20 2014

Grandpa and  grandson Levi

toledo louisville baseball game july 20 2014

Levi

toledo louisville baseball game july 20 2014

Levi

toledo louisville baseball game july 20 2014

Levi

toledo louisville baseball game july 20 2014

Levi

Published: July 23, 2014 | Comments: 5

Pastor Tim Conway Shows he Doesn’t Know Much About Mental Health

pastor tim conway

Tim Conway is the pastor of Grace Community Church in San Antonio, Texas. He is a fundamentalist Calvinist. I was Tim’s pastor for a short time in 1994. In the following video, Conway shows that he knows absolutely nothing about the mental health issues many people face. He may have stayed at a Holiday Inn but he most certainly is not qualified to give any advice to someone with mental health problems.

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I also find it interesting that Conway did not mention one of major reasons people have mental health problems…fundamentalist religion and abusive, manipulative pastors. Yes, guilt is a BIG problem, but the solution is to free oneself from the purveyors of guilt. There is no greater guilt producer than Christian fundamentalism. It is a religion that debases, demoralizes, and abuses people, teaching them to blame themselves rather than the religious beliefs, practices, and leaders who have emotionally and mentally harmed them.

Published: July 22, 2014 | Comments: 10

A Sign on a Government Building Promotes an Ignorant Faith

On our way to Fort Wayne a few weeks ago, I took the following picture of the sign in front of the Springfield Township, Harlan, Indiana Fire Station. (which is one of fire stations operated by the Grabill Volunteer Fire Department)  Yes, this is a tax supported government facility. Evidently, they have not heard of the separation of church and state, which is ironic since the fire station is located near an Amish community, a people group known for their belief in a strict separation of church and state.

springfield township fire department

Published: July 22, 2014 | Comments: 8

Evangelicals Use the Wrong Equation to Determine Their Beliefs

bible absolute truth

Most evangelicals are presuppositionalists and don’t even know it. Talk to enough Evangelicals about their beliefs and you will find out that they usually use the following equation:

God+Bible=What I Believe.

Susan, a recent commenter on The Way Forward, said on her blog that her beliefs are 100% what the Bible says. Susan presupposes the Christian God exists, the Bible is an inspired, inerrant, divine text, and that her beliefs come directly from the God who wrote the Bible.  As Catholics rightly observe, every protestant is their own infallible pope. They are absolutely certain that their beliefs are straight from the mouth of God. It is impossible to have a meaningful discussion with people who think like this, especially if you are a non-Christian. The Bible says that non-Christians are deceived, deluded, and blinded by the god of this world. Such people have nothing to offer to the Evangelical. Every conversation is a one way conversation: Repent and believe on the Lord Jesus Christ. Until the non-Christian is willing to submit to the superior beliefs of the Evangelical, they have nothing to offer the zealot.

Until an Evangelical can at least consider that the above equation is wrong, there is no hope of reaching them. Until they see that the correct equation is:

Culture+God+Bible+Personal Interpretation=What I Believe

it is impossible to have a thoughtful discussion with them. While they may put up with the non-Christian for a time, they will eventually cut off any further discussion. After John Arthur, a regular commenter on The Way Forward, left a comment on Susan’s post The Anti-Pastor, she decided to close the comments:

Now if you don’t mind this topic is not receiving any further comments. Thank you for your participation.

You see, in Susan’s mind, John Arthur didn’t have an open, receptive, willing mind. Any further discussion with him was deemed a waste of time. Until John sees things the right way, the 100% Bible way, there is no reason to talk to him.

No one is born into the world with a belief in the God of a particular religion. It is up to their culture to teach them what the cultural God is. Their tribe, consisting of their parents, siblings, grandparents, and extended family teach them which deity is the approved tribal God. From these deeply engrained presuppositions, a person engages in religious worship and practice. In the Christian cult, this includes reading and studying the Bible and hearing religious leaders preach and teach from the Christian sacred text. These activities reinforce the person’s belief in the cultural and tribal God.

I think one effective way to attack Evangelical belief is to get a person to think sociologically about their beliefs. Rather than focusing on what they believe, focus on why they believe.  John Loftus’s Outsider Test For Faith is one tool I think is helpful in getting people to see their beliefs from a sociological perspective. BTW, The Outsider Test For Faith: How You Can Know Which Religion is True is now in book form.

The question is simple. Why do most Americans self-identify as Christian, whereas most Indians self-identity as Hindu or Muslim? Honestly answering this question will force a person to admit that maybe, just maybe, “true” belief is rooted in culture and family rather than the presuppositions they hold dear. Once they can admit this as a possibility, they are then open to a direct challenge of their beliefs.

Published: July 22, 2014 | Comments: 3